Garfield County

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Discover Garfield County

Welcome to Garfield County! Located in the Southeast corner of Washington State, between Asotin and Columbia counties, this geographically diverse region is bordered on the North by the Snake River and on the South by the Blue Mountains, affording a variety of year-round recreation.

Historically an agricultural region, Garfield County’s business economy is based largely in service, and retail. Garfield County’s rich pioneer history lives on in the local preservation of its historic houses, buildings and family farms.  Garfield County is home to the historic Pataha Flour Mill and Eastern Washington Agricultural Museum.  The county supports one port district, the Port of Garfield, which utilizes waterway transport along the Snake River, and is serviced by overland transportation along U.S. Highway 12, with connections to major interstates.

Community pride, friendly customer service, quality K-12 education, local health services and abundant recreation opportunities add to the rural charm of this vibrant, growing, neighborly community, creating a safe and welcoming environment for families and businesses.

Population (2017)

Population grew by 15 over the last 5 years and is projected to grow by 7 over the next 5 years.

Jobs (2017)

Jobs grew by 1 over the last 5 years and are projected to grow by 64 over the next 5 years.

Median Income (2016)

Median household income is $3.9K below the national median household income of $55.3K.

Median Household Income


Health Services

There are 19 trained Emergency Medical Technicians and First Responders operating 2 ambulances and a rescue unit for medical emergencies through Garfield County Fire District.

All emergencies are routed through Garfield County’s Enhanced 911 Service.

Garfield County Hospital District maintains a 14-bed facility with Emergency Room, acute care, physical therapy and lab services.

Memory Manor is a 36-bed full-service nursing home facility, with 8 beds available in the Gentle Care Unit.

Garfield County Hospital District also maintains Pomeroy Medical Clinic with a physician and two nurse practitioners on staff.

Business & Labor Market

With the opening of Columbia Pulp, employment growth is expected within Garfield County. Lower Snake Wind Projects have increased the overall number of jobs in the community. Agriculture and wholesale trade will continue to be the cluster that provides the most private sector jobs. Major agricultural commodities will remain in production as long as there is demand and proper weather conditions. Government employment is the leading employing industry.

Civil Services

Police Service

The Garfield County Sheriff’s Department provides police service for the City of Pomeroy and Garfield County with Washington State Patrol servicing the Highway 12 corridor. A Search and Rescue Team and Sherriff’s Posse also operate in emergencies.

Fire Department

Garfield County Fire District is staffed by over 20 volunteer firefighters throughout the county.

Income By Location



Garfield County is serviced by both the Pullman Regional Airport and the Lewiston-Nez Perce County Regional Airport.

Motor Freight

Several major motor freight companies service Garfield County including Baker Truck Lines, Swift Transportation and Consolidated Freightways. Express services are available through national carriers.

Inland Port Facilities

The Port of Garfield manages industrial sites within the city of Pomeroy, as well as property on the Snake River.

Major Highways

U.S. Highway 12 bisects Garfield County east-west, connecting to Interstates 82, 84 and 90.

Public Transit

Garfield County Transportation provides transit service to local citizens through the Senior Assistance program.

Most Common Jobs

Forgotten Trail Tour

Reserve your tickets for this historical tour today!

Please call: 509-566-7079